Adèle de Normandie, duchesse d'Aquitaine, morte le 14 octobre 962, est une princesse du Moyen Âge, fille de Rollon le Marcheur et de Poppa de Bayeux, et la sœur du duc normand Guillaume Longue-Épée. Il établit son camp à l'embouchure de la Seine en 896, remonte plusieurs fois le fleuve avec ses navires, prend Rouen et menace Paris qu'il vient assiéger vainement en 910. Following the death of their father, Gurim was killed and Rollo was forced to leave Denmark. Rollo (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; French: Rollon; c. 860 – c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 juin 2020 à 22:36. Rollon, banni du royaume de Norvège en 874, prend la tête d'une bande de pillards vikings, mettant à sac les côtes de la Mer du Nord et de la Manche, aussi bien en Angleterre que sur le continent. He was succeeded by his son William Longsword in the Duchy of Normandy that he had founded. Rollon répousera Poppa rapidemment après. According to Dudo, an unnamed king of Denmark was antagonistic to Rollo's family, including his father – an unnamed Danish nobleman – and Rollo's brother Gurim. Il se fait baptiser en la cathédrale de Rouen sous le prénom de Robert. De Rollon sont issues la majeure partie des familles royales européennes. Descendance de Rollon. [33], Dudo narrates a humorous story not repeated in other primary sources about Rollo's pledge of fealty to Charles III as part of the Treaty of Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. Un site et des férus de généalogie (Généastar) au demeurant très sérieux ont constitué une liste de descendants de Rollon et des Ducs de Normandie. Le chroniqueur Adémar de Chabannes (988-1034) expliqua que Rollon, peu avant de mourir, aurait ordonné le sacrifice d’une centaine de chrétiens en offrande aux Dieux que le traité de Saint-Clair-sur-Epte lui avait fait rejeter. Ceci étant bien sûr pour convertir des heures de recopiage en apprentissage de ma filiation. He died in 932 AD in Rouen, Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France. The warrior complied by raising the king's foot to his mouth while the king remained standing, which "laid the king flat on his back"[35] much to the amusement of Rollo's entourage. The earliest well-attested historical event associated with Rollo is his part in leading the Vikings who besieged Paris in 885–886 but were fended off by Odo of France.[12][13][14]. Ce dernier, Rollon, n'était pas à ce moment le jarl de la future Normandie.C'était encore un chef viking qui parcourait les mers à la recherche de quelque terre à piller. Rollo of Normandy (860-932) 2. Medieval sources contradict each other regarding whether Rollo's family was Norwegian or Danish in origin. The question of Rollo's Danish or Norwegian origins was a matter of heated dispute between Norwegian and Danish historians of the 19th and early 20th century, particularly in the run-up to Normandy's 1000-year-anniversary in 1911. En l’an 911, le roi des Francs Charles le Simple concède à Rollon un territoire de part et d'autre de la Seine. Quoiqu’il en soit, la tradition païenne scandinave se … However, these claims were made three centuries after the history commissioned by Rollo's own grandson. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963-1027) 5. Hrólf the Walker was so named because he "was so big that no horse could carry him". Un poème [2] écrit peu après la mort de Guillaume Longue-Épée révèle qu'il est né outre-mer, d'une mère chrétienne et d'un père encore païen. Normanring :: Divers. Comme nous devons être des milliers de descendants de Rollon, je pense qu'un tel fichier existe non? He married her and she gave birth to his son and heir, William Longsword. Rollo is the subject of the 17th-century play Rollo Duke of Normandy, written by John Fletcher, Philip Massinger, Ben Jonson, and George Chapman. Cette tradition est liée au texte que rédigea le chanoine Dudon de Saint-Quentin (960, †1043) au XIe siècle à la demande du duc Richard Ier : « Des mœurs … In addition, both Irish and Icelandic sources suggest that Rollo, as a young man, visited or lived in Scotland, where he had a daughter named Cadlinar (Kaðlín, 'Kathleen'). A biography of Rollo, written by the cleric Dudo of Saint-Quentin in the late 10th century, claimed that Rollo was from Denmark (« Dacia »). Rollon, (Robert) se sépara de sa femme Poppa pour épouser Giselle, la fille de Charles III "le simple" Roi de France, après la signature du traité de St Clair sur Epte qui enterrine la propriété de la Normandie à Rollon. Four or more generations of descendants of Rollo of Normandy (860-932) if they are properly linked: 1. [29], There are few contemporary mentions of Rollo. [27][28], Dudo recorded that when Rollo controlled Bayeux by force, he carried off with him the beautiful Popa or Poppa, a daughter of Berenger, Count of Rennes. [47] Rollo's dynasty was able to survive through a combination of ruthless military actions and infighting among the Frankish aristocracy, which left them severely weakened and unable to combat the Rouen Vikings' growing determination to stay put.[47]. [37] This would appear to be the motive for later concessions to the Vikings of the Seine, which are mentioned in other records of the time. Bien que modestes, les Creully de Saint Clair méritaient qu’on les étudiât, ne serait-ce que par leur origine royale et pour disposer d’un travail exhaustif sur la descendance agnatique de Rollon… │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … Si vous disposez d'ouvrages ou d'articles de référence ou si vous connaissez des sites web de qualité traitant du thème abordé ici, merci de compléter l'article en donnant les références utiles à sa vérifiabilité et en les liant à la section « Notes et références ». He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. Dudo claimed that Gisla was a legitimate daughter of Charles. par LORD le Lun 11 Aoû - 10:30. [8], The 10th-century French historian Dudo records that Rollo took the baptismal name Robert. │ ├─> Guillaume I er de Normandie (?-942), jarl de Normandie de 927 à 942 │ x 935/940 Liutgarde de Vermandois (925-977) │ │ │ x … The seal of agreement was to be marriage between Rollo and Gisla, daughter of Charles. A genetic investigation into the remains of Rollo's grandson Richard the Fearless, and his great-grandson Richard the Good, was announced in 2011 with the intention of discerning the origins of the historic Viking leader. After the Siege of Chartres in 911, Charles the Simple, the king of West Francia, gifted them lands between the mouth of the Seine and what is now Rouen in exchange for Rollo agreeing to end his brigandage, swearing allegiance to him, religious conversion and a pledge to defend the Seine's estuary from Viking raiders. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) [34] However a diplomatic child betrothal need not be doubted. Rollo, latinisation du nom Hrólfr, est un chef scandinave, danois ou norvégien, qui a pris part aux raids menés par les siens en Angleterre et dans le royaume franc depuis les années 841. [23][24] Ketill Flatnose's ancestors were said to have come from Møre – Rollo's ancestral home in the Icelandic sources. En l’an 911, le roi des Francs Charles le Simple concède à Rollon un territoire de part et d’autre de la Seine. "[17] Likewise, the 12th-century English historian William of Malmesbury stated that Rollo was "born of noble lineage among the Norwegians". However, Ketill was a common name in Norse societies,[25] as were names like Gurim and Grim. A daughter of Cadlinar and Beollán named Nithbeorg was abducted by an Icelandic Viking named Helgi Ottarsson,[23][24] and became the mother of the poet Einarr Helgason and grandmother of Guðrún Ósvífrsdóttir (protagonist of the Laxdœla saga). Les descendants de Rollon sont appelés les Rollonides. "[31] Dudo retrospectively stated that this pact took place in 911 at Saint-Clair-sur-Epte. The need for an agreement was particularly urgent when Robert I, successor of Charles III, was killed in 923. ", "Skeletal shock for Norwegian researchers at Viking hunting", "Reflections of a Viking by Clive Standen", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rollo&oldid=995942169, Converts to Christianity from pagan religions, Articles lacking reliable references from March 2020, Articles containing Old French (842-ca. Exclusif. In 911, Robert I of France, brother of Odo, again defeated another band of Viking warriors in Chartres with his well-trained horsemen. ), Étude sur la vie et la mort de Guillaume Longue Épée, Paris, Picard, 1893, p. 61-68 [45] However, the skeletal remains in both graves turned out to significantly predate Rollo and therefore are not related to him. This has since been variously interpreted as referring to Faxe, in Sjælland (Denmark), Fauske, in Sykkulven (Norway), or perhaps a more obscure settlement that has since been abandoned or renamed. En pratique : Quelles sources sont attendues ? [7], The name Rollo is generally presumed to be a latinisation of the Old Norse name Hrólfr – a theory that is supported by the rendition of Hrólfr as Roluo in the Gesta Danorum. Design and manufacture of linear guides, telescopic guides and linear actuators. [36], Given Rouen and its hinterland in return for the alliance with the Franks, it was agreed upon that it was in the interest of both Rollo himself and his Frankish allies to extend his authority over Viking settlers. Rollon et la naissance de la Normandie La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. According to the medieval Irish text An Banshenchas and Icelandic sources, another daughter, Cadlinar (Kaðlín; Kathleen) was born in Scotland (probably to a Scots mother) and married an Irish prince named Beollán mac Ciarmaic, later King of South Brega (Lagore). In return for formal recognition of the lands he possessed, Rollo agreed to be baptised and assisted the king in defending the realm. If, as Richer suggested, Rollo's father was also named Ketill and as Dudo suggested, Rollo had a brother named Gurim, such names are onomastic evidence for a family connection: Icelandic sources name Ketill Flatnose's father as Björn Grímsson,[22] and Grim – the implied name of Ketill Flatnose's paternal grandfather – was likely cognate with Gurim. Rollo refused, saying "I will never bow my knees at the knees of any man, and no man's foot will I kiss. Other historians have identified Rollo with Hrólf the Walker (Norse Göngu-Hrólfr; Danish Ganger-Hrólf) from the 13th-century Icelandic sagas, Heimskringla and Orkneyinga Saga. Généalogie Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie x Poppa de Bayeux (?-?) [46], After Rollo's death, his male-line descendants continued to rule Normandy until 1204, when it was lost by John Lackland to the French King Philip Augustus. It is also sometimes suggested that Rollo may be a Latinised version of another Norse name, Hrollaugr. Le titre de duc, comme le nom de duché, ne s’imposant vraiment qu’à partir du 11ème siécle, Rollon, Jarl des Normands, porte alors le titre de prince ou de comte, selon les us de l’époque ; un titre qui lui confére la plupart des attributs dévolus à la puissance royale, y compris le contrôle de l’Église. According to William of Jumièges, writing in the latter half of the 11th century, Gerloc's mother was named Poppa.[42][43]. Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. La tradition normande fait de Rollon un Danois. On taking his oath of fealty, Rollo divided the lands between the rivers Epte and Risle among his chieftains, and settled in the de facto capital Rouen. Ce chef viking, qui a parcouru les mers et a pillé le royaume, devient le premier maître de … [30] The earliest record is from 918, in a charter of Charles III to an abbey, which referred to an earlier grant to "the Normans of the Seine", namely "Rollo and his associates" for "the protection of the kingdom. Rollon et ses descendants vont s’attacher à agrandir cette « première » Normandie. [26], According to Dudo, Rollo struck up a friendship in England with a king called Alstem. Rollo (Norman: Rou; Old Norse: Hrólfr; French: Rollon; c. 860 – c. 930 AD) was a Viking who became the first ruler of Normandy, a region in northern France.He emerged as the outstanding warrior among the Norsemen who had secured a permanent foothold on Frankish soil in the valley of the lower Seine. Doué d’un vrai sens politique, le premier duc de … Page 1 sur 1. Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie. One of Rollo's great-grandsons and a contemporary of Dudo was known as Robert the Dane. Rollon [1] (mort entre 928 et 933) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. "[35] Instead, Rollo commanded one of his warriors to kiss the king's foot. [44] On 29 February 2016 Norwegian researchers opened Richard the Good's tomb and found a lower jaw with eight teeth in it. Rollon [1] (mort vers 932) est le chef viking à l'origine du duché de Normandie.En septembre 911, en contrepartie de l'arrêt de ses pillages, il reçoit du roi Charles le Simple un territoire autour de Rouen.Environ cent ans plus tard, cette concession deviendra le duché de Normandie. La Normandie doit son origine et son nom aux Vikings. [48], 9th and 10th-century Viking and later count of Normandy, Rollo and his followers are referred to as, "Globetrotting Vikings: To the Gates of Paris", "The Deeds of Count Roger of Calabria & Sicily & of Duke Robert Guiscard his brother, Geoffery Malaterra", "Was Viking Ruler Rollo Danish or Norwegian? De fait, les autres textes évoquant ce même Öxna-Þórir ne mentionnent pas de Göngu-Hrólfr parmi sa descendance . In part, this disparity may result from the indifferent and interchangeable usage in Europe, at the time, of terms such as "Vikings", "Northmen", "Swedes", "Danes", "Norwegians" and so on (in the Medieval Latin texts Dani vel Nortmanni means 'Danes or Northmen'). L'origine exacte de ce guerrier est difficile à définir. [40] The descendants of Rollo and his men assimilated with their maternal French-Catholic culture and became known as the Normans, lending their name to the region of Normandy.[41]. Le successeur de Rollon. [10][11], Rollo was born in the mid-9th century; his place of birth is almost definitely located in the region of Scandinavia, although it is uncertain whether he is Danish or Norwegian. Dudo's chronicle about Rollo seizing Rouen in 876 is supported by the contemporary chronicler Flodoard, who records that Robert of the Breton March waged a campaign against the Vikings nearly levelling Rouen and other settlements; eventually, he conceded "certain coastal provinces" to them. While Faxe was physically much closer to Scania, the mountainous scenery of "Fasge", described by Benoît, would seem to be more like Fauske. When Charles III abdicated the throne to Rudolph of France, Rollo felt that his pledge and oaths to the kings of France null and void, and began raiding in the west to expand his territory, putting pressure on other rulers to propose another compromise. As was the custom, Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, after his godfather Robert I. One daughter of Rollo, Gerloc (also known as Adele), who married William III, Duke of Aquitaine, was mentioned by Dudo. This has puzzled many historians, but recently the puzzle has been resolved by recognition that this refers to Guthrum, the Danish leader whom Alfred the Great baptised with the baptismal name Athelstan, and then recognised as king of the East Angles in 880. ----- Rollon, jarl des Normands : Considéré par les historiens comme le 1er duc de Normandie et le fondateur du duché normand, il ne porte pourtant pas le titre de " duc de Normandie " mais seulement celui de " jarl des Normands ", l'équivalent scandinave de comte, et le titre de comte de Rouen. Le fils de Rollon, Guillaume Longue Épée a épousé Spotta de Senlis qui est également une descendante de Charlemagne. Battu du côté de Chartres en juillet 911, Rollon négocie le traité de Saint-Clair avec le roi de France, Charles le Simple. Ce chef viking, qui a parcouru les mers et a pillé le royaume, devient le premier maître de la Normandie. [16], A Norwegian background for Rollo was first explicitly claimed by Goffredo Malaterra (Geoffrey Malaterra), an 11th-century Benedictine monk and historian, who wrote: "Rollo sailed boldly from Norway with his fleet to the Christian coast. Gisant de Rollon. Installé dans la cathédrale de … ↑ Descendance de Rollon a Wikipédia FR, in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia [], trouvée 2016. Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson-1was born in 860 AD in Maer, Nord-Trondelag, Norway. Rollo, through his descendent William I of England, the seventh Duke of Normandy, is a 32nd great-grandfather of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom. [20] The Icelandic sources claim that Hrólfr was born in Trondhjem (now known as Trondheim)[21] in western Norway, in the late 9th century and that his parents were the Norwegian jarl Rognvald Eysteinsson ('Rognvald the Wise') and a noblewoman from Møre named Hildr Hrólfsdóttir. Descendance de Rollon; Sources [modifier | modifier le code] Complainte de Guillaume Longue Épée, J. Lair (éd. [38], Rollo died sometime between a final mention of him by Flodoard in 928, and 933, the year in which a third grant of land, usually identified as being the Cotentin and Avranchin areas, was given to his son and successor William. [39], Rollo's son and heir, William Longsword, and grandchild, Richard the Fearless, forged the Duchy of Normandy into West Francia's most cohesive and formidable principality. Les résultats inattendus de l’enquête scientifique à Fécamp réalisée par des chercheurs norvégiens sur la descendance de Rollon viennent d’être révélés. After the Norman conquest of England and their conquest of southern Italy and Sicily over the following two centuries, their descendants came to rule Norman England (the House of Normandy), much of the island of Ireland, the Kingdom of Sicily (the Kings of Sicily) as well as the Principality of Antioch from the 10th to 12th century, leaving behind an enduring legacy in the histories of Europe and the Near East. There may be circumstantial evidence for kinship between Rollo and his historical contemporary Ketill Flatnose, King of the Isles – a Norse realm centred on the Western Isles of Scotland. En échange, Rollon s'engage à empêcher les autres bandes vikings de remonter la Seine. Rollon de Normandie (?-928/933), jarl de Normandie [32] Since Charles first married in 907, that would mean that Gisla was at most 5 years old at the time of the treaty of 911 which offered her in marriage. Richard I, Duke of Normandy (933-996) 4. Comment ajouter mes sources ? These settlers were presumed to be Rollo and his associates, moving their authority westward from the Seine valley. [15] Dudo appears to have been the main source for William of Jumièges (after 1066) and Orderic Vitalis (early 12th century), although both include additional details. Retour sur un personnage dont la légende a éclipsé la véritable biographie. [citation needed] Benoît says elsewhere in the Chronique that Rollo is Danish.[19]. The attendant bishops urged Rollo to kiss the king's foot to prove his allegiance. [4][5], Rollo is first recorded as the leader of these Viking settlers in a charter of 918, and he continued to reign over the region of Normandy until at least 928. [37] It is still unclear as to whether Rollo was being given lordship over the Vikings already settled in the region in order to domesticate and restrain them, or the Franks around Bayeux in order to protect them from other Viking leaders settled in eastern Brittany and the Cotentin peninsula. [9] A variant spelling, Rou, is used in the 12th-century Norman French verse chronicle Roman de Rou, which was compiled by Wace and commissioned by King Henry II of England, a descendant of Rollo. A character, broadly inspired by the historical Rollo but including many events from before the real Rollo was born, played by Clive Standen, is Ragnar Lothbrok's brother in the History Channel television series Vikings. 1400)-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old Norse-language text, Articles containing Northern Sami-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles containing Icelandic-language text, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 December 2020, at 18:18. C’est finalement Guillaume le Conquérant, l’arrière-arrière-arrière petit-fils de Rollon, qui achève vers 1050 la conquête de ce que nous appelons aujourd’hui la Normandie. Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Rollo took the baptismal name Robert, as it was custom to take the name of ones godfather. Boujou. Benoît also repeated the claim that Rollo had been persecuted by a local ruler and had fled from there to "Scanza island", by which Benoît probably means Scania (Swedish Skåne). nb : je parle au conditionnel, car vu que c'était il y a 1000 ans, il y a quand même des possibilités d'erreur -même si les sources semblent fiables. [6] The offspring of Rollo and his followers through their intermingling with the indigenous Frankish and Gallo-Roman population of the lands they settled became known as the "Normans". [37] Descendance de Rollon Cet article présente la descendance de Rollon de Normandie. Descendants of Viking Ruler Rollo Rognvaldsson Generation 1 1. HISTOIRE - Le 9 septembre 1087 mourait Guillaume dit le Conquérant, descendant du chef viking Rollon. Descendance de Rollon. William Longsword, 2nd Duke of Normandy (893-942) 3. Le chef viking récupère alors l’équivalent aujourd’hui de la Seine-Maritime et d’une partie de l’Eure. This victory paved the way for Rollo's baptism and settlement in Normandy. L’amusement , c’est de faire un arbre de descendance jusqu’à vous avec l’illustre personnage de votre choix ( roi Anglo-Saxon, roi de Pologne, de France, d’Italie , de Germanie Rollon chef viking etc .. Linear motion systems leaders, since 1975. comtesse de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comte de Montbéliard,de Bar, de Mousson et de Ferrette, comtesse de Blois, de Châteaudun, de Chartres, de Reims, de Tours, de Beauvais, de Provins et de Sancerre, https://fr.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Descendance_de_Rollon&oldid=171638002, Article manquant de références depuis octobre 2014, Article manquant de références/Liste complète, licence Creative Commons attribution, partage dans les mêmes conditions, comment citer les auteurs et mentionner la licence. [18], A chronicler named Benoît (probably Benoît de Sainte-More) wrote in the mid-12th-century Chronique des ducs de Normandie that Rollo had been born in a town named "Fasge". Rudolph was recorded as sponsoring a new agreement by which a group of Norsemen were conceded the provinces of the Bessin and Maine. However, Dudo's Historia Normannorum (or Libri III de moribus et actis primorum Normanniae ducum) was commissioned by Rollo's grandson, Richard I of Normandy and – while Dudo likely had access to family members and/or other people with a living memory of Rollo – this fact must be weighed against the text's potential biases, as an official biography. 1 Rollon prit dans Bayeux une très noble jeune fille, nommée Popa, fille de Bérenger, homme illustre ; peu de temps après, il ... morte en 985 [voir descendance de CHARLEMAGNE], XX more danico 3 avec Sprota (concubine légitime), fille de Bernard Ier [voir dans descendance de [33] It has therefore been speculated that she could have been an illegitimate daughter. Rollon livre de nombreuses batailles, dont le siège de Paris et de Chartres. Today, historians still disagree on this question, but most would now agree that a certain conclusion can never be reached. Descendance de Rollon.

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